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Flat Feet and Fallen Arches

Fallen arches are commonly referred to as flat feet because the feet appear to have a low inside arch, especially when standing.  These feet may point away from the midline of the body. Functionally, the arch of the foot is similar in construction to an arched bridge.  The center section (arch bone and soft tissue support system) must be strong enough to hold the weight placed upon it.  If one or both of the ends that are anchored on shore are weak, the middle section is compromised.  If the heel and ankle roll down and inward, the arch will appear flat. If the front of the foot rolls down and in, the arch will also flatten.

Like the bridge, our heel, ankle and forefoot must be properly grounded in order to support the arch properly.  A Pedorthist will analyze all three sections of the foot to determine how much support is needed and where to incorporate that support.

Some people are born with flat feet.  Others acquire flat feet over time.  Some of the most common causes include:
  • Overuse – prolonged standing or walking.
  • Rapid weight gain.
  • Ligament, muscle and/or tendon weaknesses in the foot.
  • Participation in vigorous sports.
  • Wearing non-supportive footwear.
  • Previous foot injuries.
  • Forefoot or heel mal-alignments.

Assured Health Group suggest Custom-made orthotics as a Treatment option with a cupped heel to help control heel and ankle weaknesses.  Also, It made of an extra thickening under the inside edge of the heel or forefoot to prevent the arch from rolling down and in.  The type and thickness of arch support is reflective of the patient’s foot type and flexibility.

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