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What is Plagiocephaly Or Flat Head Syndrome?

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Plagiocephaly is a Greek word meaning oblique head, a child`s head which is asymmetrical or flattened.

The characteristics of Deformational Palgiocephaly are variable; the back of the head may be flat on one side; the ear on this side may be further forward; and there may be some flattening of the forehead on the opposite side. The diagnosis of Deformational Palgiocephaly is usually made by physical examination of the head. Sometimes an x-ray of the head is needed to exclude other more serious causes of the cranial deformity e.g. craniosynostosis – which may require surgical treatment.

Causes

The incidence of Deformational Palgiocephaly ranges from between 5% – 48% of healthy newborn babies. One of the causes can be compressive forces against the soft developing bones of the baby’s head before birth – this may the case with twins or as a result of an early descent into the pelvis. During the process of birth, excessive forces may also lead to deformity of the cranium. Excessive pressure on one part of the head may also occur as a result of tight neck muscle – an imbalance of head position known as Torticollis. In addition, babies spending a long time with the backs of their heads in contact with cot mattress, car seats and buggies may also be at risk. The “back to sleep” programme recommended by many paediatricians in the US in the 1990s, which encourages parents to lie babies on their backs to reduce the chances of SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome), has also seen an significant increase in the number of infants with Deformational Palgiocephaly.

Treatment

Two types of treatment can help, Tummy Time, and for moderate to severe plagiocephaly; orthotic management.

Tummy Time: This play`s a very important part for young babies, many babies can develop a flat head from laying on their backs for long lengths of time during the day. Although often temporary, this condition, called positional plagiocephaly, this can often be prevented by positioning the baby on their tummy a couple of times during the day, this should last about 10 to 20 minutes at a time.

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Source by Gary Gordon

Assured Health Physiotherapy clinic is an Interdisciplinary medical clinic located in New Westminster which offers several premedical services such as RMT, physiotherapy, chiropractic, RMT, Acup, etc.

Assured Health Physiotherapy is also offering medical products such as Custom-made orthotics, Compression Stockings, braces, and TENS machines.

To find out more, please Contact Assured Health Physiotherapy in New Westminster at 604-526-2671

Massage Movements & Their Effects

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Effleurage: this is a movement mainly consisting of “stroking” with the flat of the hand, fingers close together and as far as is practicable, the tips of the fingers turning upwards to avoid protuberances. Effleurage precedes all other movements because of its relaxing effect, this enables the client to get used to the therapists hands, whilst warming up the tissues to be worked on with deeper movements later in the session as well as increasing blood and lymph flow in and out of the area. Effleurage movements are usually made towards the heart, because in addition to the effect of Effleurage on the skin and underlying structures – it helps to speed up the venous and lymph flow. In areas that may need stimulating, fast Effleurage is permissible. There are two types, superficial and deep, used depending on its purpose and according to the underlying structures. This is a great movement for various reasons,

1) Relaxing for both client and therapist

2) Can be applied to any body type

3) To revert back to when you need a moment to think what way treatment should proceed or just a “break”

4) To sweep away toxins after other massage movements

Petrissage is a focused massage movement concentrating on specific muscle groups, releasing toxins that have built up in the muscles. It is an intensely deep massaging movement which aids in the elimination of ‘knots’ and increases blood flow to congested deep muscular tissue. It is often referred to as compression and includes kneading, rolling, wringing and knuckling. It’s done in a rhythmic manner working tissue against tissue, tissue against bone or lifting tissue and compressing them back down. It’s excellent on a sluggish system and beneficial to tight, knotty muscles. It always elicits some form of response from clients. Petrissage is not recommended for thin, frail clients, easily stimulated or vascular skin or very loose skin.

Tapotement also known as percussion is a stimulating manipulation that operates through the response of the nerves. It is performed in a brisk, rhythmic manner, rhythm being important as contact is continually being broken with the skin. These movements include cupping, hacking, slapping and tapping. The vascular reaction to these movements becomes obvious, but needs to be performed correctly as irritation can occur. Refrain from using some of these techniques on very thin clients, bony areas, varicose veins and broken capillaries.

Vibrations : are applied along the nerve path way. They are produced by a rapid contraction and relaxation of muscles of the therapist arms, resulting in fine, quick, trembling movements. Vibrating hand should move constantly. This is beneficial in neuritis and neuralgia after the inflammatory stage is over. It stimulates circulation and glandular activity and nervous plexuses. It also helps in bowel movement.

Physical Effect :

* Pumping – The stroking movements in massage suck fluid through blood vessels and lymph vessels.

* Increased tissue permeability – Deep massage causes the pores in tissue membranes to open, enabling fluids and nutrients to pass through. This helps remove waste products such as lactic acid and encourage the muscles to take up oxygen and nutrients

* Stretching – Massage can stretch tissues that could not be stretched in the usual methods.

* Break down scar tissue – Scar tissue is the result of previous injuries or trauma and can effect muscle, tendons and ligaments. This can lead to inflexible tissues that are prone to injury and pain.

* Improve tissue elasticity – Hard training can make tissues hard and inelastic. Massage helps reverse this by stretching the tissues.

* Opens micro-circulation what massage also does is open or dilate the blood vessels and by stretching them this enables nutrients to pass through more easily.

* Aids desquamation (removal of dead skin)

* Metabolic balance in muscle tone

* Relaxes & refreshes muscles

* Connective tissue pliability & mobility

* Increases joint mobility & flexibility

* Next best thing to exercise

* Tones the skin, making it softer & more supple

* Softens, but does not eliminate, scars

* Warms tissue for deeper movements

* Relaxes large muscles

* Relieves tiredness

Physiological effect :

* Pain reduction – Tension and waste products in muscles can often cause pain. Massage helps reduce this in many ways including releasing the body’s endorphins.

* Relaxation – Muscles relax through heat generated, circulation and stretching.

* Encourages cell renewal

* Clears nerve pathways

* Increases nutrients to all systems through blood & nymph

* Aids removal of metabolic waste products

from all systems through lymph & blood

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Source by Rose Hannigan

Assured Health Physiotherapy clinic is an Interdisciplinary medical clinic located in New Westminster which offers several premedical services such as RMT, physiotherapy, chiropractic, RMT, Acup, etc.

Assured Health Physiotherapy is also offering medical products such as Custom-made orthotics, Compression Stockings, braces, and TENS machines.

To find out more, please Contact Assured Health Physiotherapy in New Westminster at 604-526-2671

Whiplash Symptoms From Sneezing?

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Most people have heard of whiplash and think of it as something that is caused in a car accident. And while that is true, there are also other causes of whiplash including a previous neck injury, sport related falls, being pushed or a bad fall.

Even an intense sneeze can result in whiplash!

That’s why it’s important to know the signs of whiplash which may include:

  • A sudden feeling of stiffness or soreness in the neck
  • Pain between shoulders
  • Difficulty in turning the head from side to side

Because of the pain associated with whiplash, along with the potential for further complication, it’s important to consult with a chiropractor following any injury. Any sudden stop of an individual’s body that forcefully snaps their head and neck forward, backwards, or sideways can severely injure their neck’s soft tissues, muscles, ligaments, tendons and nerves, as well as the vertebrae.

In a whiplash injury, supportive soft tissues in the neck are often over-stretched or torn and spinal joints can become misaligned. Misaligned vertebrae, or subluxations, can cause the nerve roots and blood vessels in an individual’s neck to become compressed, stretched or irritated. This can interfere with nerve transmission and blood supply to vital body functions.

In addition, the normal curve of the cervical spine is altered and joint motion becomes restricted. As a result, weakened tissues are no longer able to support the vertebrae in its proper position.

Over time, if these subluxations are left untreated, they can cause many health problems such as headaches, backaches, neckpain, arthritis, heart problems, and many others. There is simply no end to the health conditions that can result from a pinched or blocked nerve. Consider this, if the nerve from your brain to your heart was cut the result would be fatal. What if the nerve was pinched or squeezed? What would the result be?

This is why consulting with a chiropractor is so important. Individualized chiropractic adjustments not only can relieve initial pain from an injury, they can also help in the restoration of healthy spinal joint function to prevent future problems.

Because chiropractors are extensively trained, they can help with:

  1. Removal of nerve interference
  2. Breaking down scar tissue from previous injuries
  3. Increasing circulation to enhance healing
  4. Reducing inflammation

Studies have shown that chiropractic adjustments can eliminate or reduce joint pain and restore normal range of motion to specific areas of injury. An Australian study points to the pain associated with whiplash and shows how a chiropractor can help with such situations. The 10-year study found that:

  • Facet joint pain is the definitive cause of chronic head and neck pain in 60 percent of whiplash cases studied
  • 87 percent of patients exhibited a limited range of cervical motion. The two findings suggest that many whiplash injuries respond well to chiropractic care because adjustments are specifically directed at facet joints
  • Case studies have also shown that chiropractic adjustments can eliminate or reduce joint pain and restore range of motion

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Source by Hans Freericks

Assured Health Physiotherapy clinic is an Interdisciplinary medical clinic located in New Westminster which offers several premedical services such as RMT, physiotherapy, chiropractic, RMT, Acup, etc.

Assured Health Physiotherapy is also offering medical products such as Custom-made orthotics, Compression Stockings, braces, and TENS machines.

To find out more, please Contact Assured Health Physiotherapy in New Westminster at 604-526-2671

How to Pick the Right Size When Buying Cheap Shoes Online

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You can find a lot of great deals on cheap shoes online but sometimes it can be hard to determine what size to purchase. You can eliminate this problem by visiting a store in your area and trying on a similar pair of shoes to see what size fits best. You don’t have to find the exact style of shoe but if you can find another shoe made by the same brand that usually works just as well.

For example, if you find a pair of Skecher shoes online that you really like for a great price simply go to a shop that has Skechers and try them on. This will give you a pretty good idea of what size to order. If you read some of the shoe reviews online a lot of people will mention if they think the shoes run small or big. Of course, everybody has different feet so it’s really best to try them on in person if you can afford the time to make an extra stop during your daily errands.

If you do end up trying on shoes be sure to stop later in the day. As the day goes on your feet swell making them larger in size than they would be in the morning or early afternoon hours. If you try on shoes too early you may end up purchasing a pair that feels too small. You also want to make sure you try on the shoes with the same of type of socks you’ll be wearing with the shoes. For instance, you wouldn’t want to wear athletic socks with dress shoes or nylons with a pair of winter boots.

Also, if for some reason you can’t find a pair of shoes that feel comfortable you may want to try insoles, shoe inserts or orthotics. Orthotics are shoe inserts that are custom-made for your feet. These special inserts are designed to keep your feet from feeling tired if you walk long distances or stand for long periods of time. They are popular with people who have to work long hours on their feet such as nurses and waitstaff. You may also need to get special inserts or insoles for dress shoes because they typically come with less cushion than running or athletic-type shoes.

The shoes should feel comfortable as soon as you put them on. Don’t think you need to spend several days or weeks to break them in. Athletic shoes should allow your feet to breathe as the many sweat glands in your feet will cause a lot of distress to you and everyone else in the room when you take off your shoes. For some kinds of shoes you might need to choose fashion over comfort and vice versa. Keep in mind how much time you’ll be spending on your feet and for what purpose and this will help you make a decision on what type of shoe is best.

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Source by Shira Johnson

Assured Health Physiotherapy clinic is an Interdisciplinary medical clinic located in New Westminster which offers several premedical services such as RMT, physiotherapy, chiropractic, RMT, Acup, etc.

Assured Health Physiotherapy is also offering medical products such as Custom-made orthotics, Compression Stockings, braces, and TENS machines.

To find out more, please Contact Assured Health Physiotherapy in New Westminster at 604-526-2671

Tapotement – Why it Should Be Included in Every Swedish Massage

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This comes from the French word tapoter, meaning to ‘tap’ and is exactly that, a tapping or percussive technique which is a quick, choppy method that has a toning effect on the body. It is very much like playing a drum, performed with the sides or tips of the fingers with alternate hands going up and down.

This massage stroke is practiced by keeping your wrists loose and your movements gentle and bouncy to avoid hurting your partner. A common mistake when learning this stroke is to use your elbows and shoulders which causes frustration for both therapist and receiver.

Tapotement is used on the head, upper back and shoulders, stimulating the blood circulation and the nervous system. It is a stimulating and an invigorating experience, but there are some people who find that this part of the Swedish massage program is too much for them.

Other benefits of the different tapotement strokes are that they reduce fatty deposits and flabby muscle found mainly on the thigh and buttocks areas. If you use gentle percussion strokes on the abdomen conditions like constipation are helped.

There are several different strategies used when applying Tapotement which can be summarized as follows:

• Hacking (or ‘chopping’) is an action where you use the sides of your hands in what would commonly be recognized as a karate chop motion. With your palms facing one another, you tap the surface of your partner’s skin relatively gently whilst moving rapidly across the surface to prevent damage and pain.

• Flicking is a lighter, soft form of hacking. This movement is performed by the sides of the little fingers only and not the edge of the hand.

• Cupping is a technique where you form each hand into a cup by bending your fingers only at the lower knuckle joint whilst keeping your thumb close to the side of your hand. With your hand forming the cup shape, you tap the skin surface whilst moving across it in a rapid succession of movements. Always make sure your hands are cupped and not flat to avoid smacking your partner. When performed on the back area the mucus on the lungs loosens giving relief to the receiver.

• Pummeling: In this final Tapotement technique, you clench your hands into a loose fist before applying them in rapid succession of gentle blows to the surface of your partners skin, most commonly that of the thighs and buttocks.

Always remember Tapotement or percussion movements are always performed on fleshy muscular regions and not on bony or sensive areas of the body. Eg: shins neck, back of knee, bruises or broken veins.

As a result of tapotement being part of your massage, your muscles are stimulated and strengthened inducing muscle tone, blood circulation and nervous system improved.

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Source by Trevor C Hunt

Assured Health Physiotherapy clinic is an Interdisciplinary medical clinic located in New Westminster which offers several premedical services such as RMT, physiotherapy, chiropractic, RMT, Acup, etc.

Assured Health Physiotherapy is also offering medical products such as Custom-made orthotics, Compression Stockings, braces, and TENS machines.

To find out more, please Contact Assured Health Physiotherapy in New Westminster at 604-526-2671